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Jewish holiday

Jewish New Year Rosh Hashanah
Main article: Rosh Hashanah
According to the Talmud and the oral tradition, Rosh Hashanah is the new year Jewish day of remembrance and day of the trial, in which God judges each person individually according to their works, and make an order for the year follows. The festival is characterized by the special mitzvah of blowing the shofar. According to the Torah, however, is the first day of the seventh month of the year Civil marks the beginning of a number of ten days of Yom Kippur.
For a variable number of days before Rosh Hashanah between Ashkenazim and the entire month of Elul among Sephardic Jews, morning prayers are added additional special called Selichot.
Erev Rosh Hashanah (evening of the first day) 29 Elul
Rosh Hashanah () 2 1 – Tishri)
Rosh Hashana is canceled by the Mishna as the new year for calculating calendar years and the year of jubilee Shmita, tithes of vegetables and planting trees (to determine the age of a tree).
The view in Jewish oral tradition, the creating the world was completed on Rosh Hashanah. The recitation of Tashlikh occurs during the afternoon of the first day. Officially America North reformed Judaism holds two days of Rosh Hashanah, but a significant number of Reform congregations and members to take a single day, the branches rather than Reform Judaism is celebrated as a holiday for two days, both inside and outside the borders Israel. The two days are considered as forming a arichta Yoma, a single "Long Day."
Teshuva Yemei Aseret Ten Days of Repentance
Main article: Ten Days of Penitence
The first ten days of the seventh month of the Jewish year (since the beginning of Rosh Hashanah until the end of Yom Kippur) are called Yemei Aseret Teshuvah. During this time, is "very appropriate" for Jews to do "teshuva" which examines facts and repentance for sins committed against God and neighbor, in anticipation of Yom Kippur. This repentance can take the form of additional petitions in confessing our actions before God, fasting and self-reflection. The third day, the fast of Gedaliah is celebrated.
Day of Atonement Yom Kippur
Main article: Yom Kippur
Erev Yom Kippur 9 Tishrei
Yom Kippur () 10 Tishrei
Yom Kippur is considered by Jews to be the holiest day and the most solemn of the year. Its central theme is atonement and reconciliation. Eating, drinking, bathing, anointing with oil, and marital relations are prohibited. The fast begins at sunset and ends after nightfall the next day. Yom Kippur begins with prayer known as "Kol Nidrei, which must be recited before sunset. (Kol Nidrei, Aramaic for" all the voices, is empty of public vows made by Jews during the previous year. Applies only vacant vows between a person and God, and not to cancel or cancel vows made between people.)
A Talit (prayer shawl rectangular) began to pray at night, year, the evening service only where this is done. The service is a service Ne'ilah only on Yom Kippur, and deals with the closure of the party. Yom Kippur ends with the sound of the shofar, which marks the end of fasting. It is always observed as a holiday, one day, both inside and outside the boundaries of the land of Israel.
Yom Kippur is considered, with 15 of Av, as the happiest time of year (Babylonian Talmud – Tractatus Ta'anit).
Feast of Tabernacles Sukkot (Tabernacles or)
Main article: Sukkot
Sukkot (or sukkt) or Sukkot is a seven-day festival, also known as the Feast of Tabernacles, the Feast of Tabernacles, Fair or Tabernacles. It is one of the three parties mentioned in the Bible pilgrimage. The word Sukkot is the plural of the Hebrew word sukkah means booth. Jews commanded to "dwell" in the booths during the holidays. This meal, as usual, but to sleep in the sukkah as well. There are rules specific to the construction of a sukkah. The seventh day of the party is called Hoshanah Rabbah.
Erev Sukkot 14 Tishrei
Sukkot () 1521 Tishrei (22 outside of Israel)
Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah
Main article: Simchat Torah
Simchat Torah () means "joy of the Torah." actually refers to a special ceremony to be held on the holiday of Shemini Atzeret. This leave immediately after the conclusion of the festival of Sukkot. In Israel, Shemini Atzeret lasts for one day and includes the celebration of Simchat Torah. Outside Israel, Shemini Atzeret is two days and Simchat Torah is celebrated on the second day, which is often referred to by the name of the ceremony.
The last part of the Torah is read, completion of the annual cycle, followed by the first chapter of Genesis. Services are particularly happy, and all participants, young and old, are involved.
Festival of Lights Hanukkah
Main article: Hanukkah
Erev Hanukkah 24 Kislev
Hanukkah () 25 Kislev 2 or 3 Tevet
History Chanukah is preserved in the books of the First and Second Maccabees. These books are not part of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), are Apocrypha place. The miracle of the one-day supply of oil miraculously for eight days has been described in the Talmud.
Hanukkah highlights the defeat of the Seleucid Empire forces who had tried to prevent Israel from practicing Judaism. Judah Maccabee and his brothers destroyed the overwhelming forces, and dedicated the Temple in Jerusalem. The eight-day festival is marked by lighting fires in the first night, two in the second, and so the use of a special candelabrum Chanukkiyah call or a menorah for Hanukkah.
It is a custom to give children money, also known as "gelt" in Hanukkah to commemorate the Study of the Torah under the guise of Jews meeting in what was perceived as the game at this point because the Torah was forbidden. For this reason, there is the usual play with the spin (called dreidels in Hebrew).
Tenth of Tevet
Main article: Tenth of Tevet
This minor fast day marking the beginning of the siege of Jerusalem, as described in 2 Kings 25:1
It happened in the ninth year of his reign, the tenth month, the tenth day of the month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came with all his army against Jerusalem, camped against it and built forts around it.
The minor fast days faster from sunrise to sunset sun is necessary, but other laws of mourning are not observed. A reading of the Torah and Haftorah reading, and a special prayer for the Amidah, are added to both Shacharit and Mincha services.
Tu B'Shvat New Year tree
Main article: Tu B'Shvat
Tu B'Shvat (-) 15 Shevat
Tu B'Shvat is the new year of trees. According to the Mishnah, which marks the day when the tithe of the fruits are counted each year, and marks the time the biblical prohibition against eating the fruit first three years and the obligation to bear the fruit of the fourth year, the Temple of Jerusalem counted. In modern times, is celebrated by eating various fruits and nuts linked to the Land of Israel. During the years 1600, Rabbi Isaac Luria of Safed and his disciples created a short called seder haamim Hemdat, recalling that Jews observe the seder at Passover, the feast which explores the Kabbalistic themes.
Traditionally, trees were planted that day. Many children raise funds that led to this day to plant trees in Israel. The trees are usually planted at the local level as well.
Festival of Lots Purim
Main article: Purim
And Erev Purim Fast of Esther known as "Ester Taanit" Adar 13
Purim () 14 Adar
Susa Purim 15 Adar
In the years leap in the Hebrew calendar, Purim is observed in the second Adar (Adar Sheni).
Purim commemorates the events that took place in the Book of Esther. It is celebrated by reading or acting on the story of Esther, and making disparaging noises at every mention of Haman. Purim is a tradition in dance costumes and masks to give Mishloakh Manot (care packages, ie gifts of food and drink) to the poor and needy. In Israel, also a tradition to organize parades of celebration, known as Ad-Yada-D'lo, the main street of the city. Sometimes, children dress and act the story of Esther for their parents.
New Year for Kings
Reyes for another year Nisan.
Although Rosh Hashanah marks the change of Jewish calendar year, Nisan is considered the first month of the Hebrew calendar. The Mishnah states that the year of the reign of Jewish kings were counted from Nisan to biblical times. Nissan is also regarded as the beginning the calendar year in terms of the order of vacation.
In addition to this new year, the Mishna law establishes three other news:
First Elul, another year of tithing of animals
Tishrei 1 (Rosh Hashanah), the New Year of the calendar year and the tithes of vegetables
15 Shevat (Tu B'Shevat), the New Year for tithing trees fruit /
Pesach Passover
Main article: Easter
Erev Pesach, and rapid Firstborn known as "Bechorim Ta'anit" 14 Nisan
Passover (Hebrew: Pesach), (the first two days) 15 and 16 Nisan
The "last days of Easter, known as Acharon Shel Pesach, also a public holiday to commemorate K'riat Yam Suf, the passage of the Red Sea. Nisan 21 and 22
The days of semi-vacation between the "first day" and the "last days" of Easter is known as Chol Hamo'ed days called "intermediate".
Passover commemorates the liberation Israelite slaves from Egypt. No fermented food is eaten during the week of Passover, commemorating the fact that the Jews left Egypt so quickly that the bread was not enough time to climb.
The first seder begins at sundown on the 15th of Nisan, and the second seder night of 16 Nisan. Second evening, Jews start counting the Omer. The counting of the Omer is a counting of days from the time they left Egypt until they arrived Mount Sinai.
In the Omer Sefirah
Main article: Omer Count
Sefirot (Sefirat Ha'Omer,) Count the Omer
Sephira is the 49th day (seven weeks) period between Pesach and Shavuot, the Torah is defined as a period in which deals are made to Temple of Jerusalem. Judaism teaches that it makes the physical connection between Passover and Shavuot spiritual.
Lag Ba'omer
Article: Lag Ba'omer
Ba'omer Delay (") is number 33 on the day of the Omer count (is number 33 in Hebrew). Restrictions on the activities of mourning during the Omer happy to mount and there is often lag Ba'omer celebrations with a picnic, fireworks and bow and arrow play for children. In Israel, young people can see the collection of materials for bonfires.
HaBikurim Shavuot holiday Yom Weeks
Article: Shavuot
Erev Shavuot Sivan 5
Shavuot () 6, 7 Sivan
Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks is one of the three pilgrimage festivals (regalim Shalosh) ordained in the Torah, Shavuot marks the end of the Omer period between Passover and Shavuot. According to rabbinical tradition, the Ten Commandments were given that day. During this celebration of the Torah portion containing the Ten Commandments read in the synagogue, and the biblical book of Ruth is read as well. Traditionally eat dairy products during Shavuot.
Seventeen Tammuz
Main article: Seventeenth Tamuz
17 Tammuz traditionally marks the first breach in the walls of the Second Temple during the Roman occupation.
As a minor fast day, fasting from sunrise to sunset is necessary but other laws of mourning are not observed. A reading of the Torah and Haftorah reading, and a special prayer for the Amidah, are added to both Shacharit Mincha and services.
Three weeks and nine days
Main article: The Three Weeks
The three weeks: Seventeenth of Tammuz, 17 Tammuz 9 Av (Tisha B'Av)
The nine days 19 BC
(See also the tenth of Tevet)
The days from 17 Tammuz to 9 Av are days of mourning, because the fall of Jerusalem during the Roman occupation which took place during this period. Weddings and other joyful occasions are traditionally not held during this period. Another added element is three weeks during the nine days between the first and the ninth day of Av the chorus of pious eat meat and drink wine, except Shabbat or Seudat (a mitzvah mitzvah food Pidyon Haben as recognition of a firstborn son or the end of the study of a religious text.) In addition, the hair is not cut during this period.
In Conservative Judaism, Rabbinical Assembly Committee on Jewish Law and Standards has published several responsa (court decisions), that the ban marriages in this period are deep traditions of Justice but should not be construed as binding. Thus, the practice Conservative Jewish weddings during this period, except in self-Av 9. Judaism Reformed and Reconstructionist Judaism believe that the Halacha (Jewish law) is no longer mandatory, and the rabbis in the movement to follow their individual conscience in this area, permits to recognize certain prohibitions and traditional marriages today. Judaism maintains the traditional prohibition Orthodox.
Ninth Av Tisha Tisha
Main article: Tisha B'Av
Tisha B'Av () 9 Av
Tisha B'Av is a day of fasting that commemorates two of the saddest quotes [edit] The events of Jewish history that the two held at the Ninth Avenue destruction in 586 BC-CC First Temple built by King Solomon and the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. other calamities in Jewish history is said to have occurred on Tisha B'Av, including edict of Edward I force the Jews to leave England (1290) and Jewish expulsion from Spain in 1492.
Tithe animals
New Year for the tithe animals (tax) 1 Elul
This commemoration is not observed. This day was created by the Mishna as the new year for tithe of animals, which is roughly equivalent to a new year for taxes. (This concept is similar to the deadline for tax United States of America April 15.)
Rosh Chodesh of the month new
Main article: Rosh Chodesh
The first day of each month and the thirtieth day of the preceding month, if you have thirty days is (in modern times) a minor holiday known as Rosh Chodesh (Head the month). The only exception is the month of Tishri, the principle is a major holiday, Rosh Hashanah. There are also special prayers said by observing the new moon the first time each month.
Saturday Shabbat
Main article: Shabbat
agreements Shabbat Jewish law the status of a holiday, a rest day is celebrated on the seventh day of each week. Jewish law is defined as a day that ends at nightfall, when the next day begins. Thus, Shabbat begins at sundown Friday and ends at nightfall Saturday night.
In many ways the Halacha (Jewish law) Sabbath gives the state to be the most important day saints in the Jewish calendar.
It is the first festival in Tanach (the Hebrew Bible) and God was the first to observe.
The liturgy is the Sabbath as a bride and queen.
The Torah reading on Shabbat has several sections parshiot (Torah reading) the day of Yom Kippur, more than any other Jewish holiday.
There is a tradition that the Messiah will come if every Jew observes the Sabbath perfectly twice.
hachagim Acharei "after the holidays"
hachagim Acharei (Modern Hebrew:) Literally: after the holidays. It is used in modern Hebrew language to propose a deadline. Many tasks get postponed acharei hachagim, regardless of the proximity of the festival future. hachagim Acharei is considered a legitimate target date for the task.
The differences in celebrations
The Reconstructionist Judaism clippings and Reform Judaism generally regard Jewish law (Halakha) of all holidays so important, but non-binding. Orthodox Judaism and Conservative Judaism hold that the halakha those days are normative (eg, to be accepted as binding).
There are a number of differences in religious practice between Orthodox and Conservative Jews, as these denominations have different understandings the process of how halakha has developed historically, and thus how it can be further developed. However, both groups have learned similar on how to observe these festivals.
Reform Jews do not observe the two-day holiday Jews in the Diaspora.
New Israeli / Jewish holidays National
Since the creation of Israel in 1948, the Chief Rabbinate of Israel has established four new Jewish holidays.
Yom Yerushalayim Day Jerusalem
Yom HaShoah Holocaust Memorial Day
Memorial Day Yom Hazikaron
Yom Independence Day of Israel Ha'atzmaut
These four days are national holidays in the State of Israel, and have generally been accepted as religious holidays by the following groups: The Union of Orthodox Congregations and Rabbinical Council of America, the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth (United Kingdom), the Chief Rabbinate of Israel, all Conservative and Reform Judaism, Judaism, the Union for Traditional Judaism and the Reconstructionist movement.
These four new days are not accepted as religious holidays ultra-Orthodox Judaism, Hasidic Judaism included. These groups see these innovations and secular days, and celebrate these parts.
Yom HaShoah Holocaust memorial day
Article: Yom HaShoah
Yom HaShoah () 27 Nisan
Yom HaShoah is also known on the day of remembrance of the Holocaust and the 27th of Nisan. If this date falls on a Friday, the celebration moves to Thursday. If Sunday Observance is moved to Monday.
Memorial Day Yom Hazikaron
Main article: Yom Hazikaron
Yom Hazikaron () 4 Iyar
Yom Hazikaron is Remembrance Day in honor of the fallen soldiers of Israel, the veterans and the wars of Israel. Memorial Day also commemorates fallen civilians killed by hostile acts of terrorism.
Day Yom Ha'atzmaut Israel Independence Day
Main article: Yom Ha'atzmaut
Yom Ha'atzmaut () 5 Iyar
Yom Ha'atzmaut is the Independence Day of Israel. Ceremony official held each year on the eve of Yom Ha'atzmaut at Mount Herzl. The ceremony included speeches by senior Israeli officials, an artistic presentation, a ritual in March of soldiers carrying the flag, forming complex structures (for example, a Menorah, Magen David and a number representing the age of the State Israel) and the lighting of twelve beacons (one for each of the tribes of Israel). Dozens of Israeli citizens who have contributed significant state, are selected in the light of these lighthouses.
Yom Yerushalayim – Jerusalem Day
Main article: Yom Yerushalayim
Yom Yerushalayim () 28 Iyar
Jerusalem Day 1967 marks the reunification of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount under Jewish domination during the war Six Days almost 1900 years later the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem.
See also
Holidays portal
Jewish holidays 2000-2050
Holidays in Israel
religious festival
Torah reading for Yom Tov
Hebrew calendar
Rosh Hashanah
^ "Yom Tov "is also a surname as Jewish.
^ Jewish holidays, the Union for Reform Judaism, accessed October 2, 2008
^ Nahum Mohl. "The Fifteenth Av Yom Kippur.
Greenberg, Irving. How Jewish holiday. New York: Touchstone, 1988.
Renberg, Dalia H. The complete guide to Jewish family holiday. New York: Adama, 1985.
Strassfeld, Michael. The Jewish Holidays: A guide and commentary. New York: Harper & Row, 1985.
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