Pinning down absolute dates for the timeline of Jesus Christ is difficult, as the four canonical gospels that detail the history of Jesus Christ were written from a theological rather than historical perspective. In addition to paying no attention to chronology, the gospels each tell the story in their own way with some overlapping constants between them.
Most Bible historians put the date of Jesus’ birth at somewhere between 6 and 4 BC, depending on whether you work the date from the stories of the nativity in the gospels or whether you take a more chronological approach and work backwards from the start of his ministry. Whatever year you subscribe to, it is important to note that several events took place that shaped the course of Jesus’ timeline and life.
During that first year, the angel Gabriel came to Mary, Jesus was born, and John the Baptist was born six months later. The beliefs of Christianity say that Jesus was visited by the three Wise Men shortly after his birth. Herod then ordered the massacre of all infant boys under the age of two and Mary and Joseph fled to Egypt with Jesus. Herod subsequently died and divided his kingdom between his three sons. Jesus then spent his infancy in Egypt.
The Jesus timeline has him spending his youth back in Nazareth where he spent time working a a carpenter. His ministry began around 27 AD, where he was quickly rejected by the Nazarenes and fled to Galilee to continue his ministry. He moved his ministry to Jerusalem in 29 AD and then onto Perea before coming back to Jerusalem in 30 AD.
Jesus’ life and times ended in April of somewhere between 30 AD and 34 AD when he was arrested, put on trial, executed by crucifixion and eventually resurrected. The reason for the discrepancies were the methods used to compute the date. Isaac Newton was the first to attempt to use a scientific method to pin down the date. He used the phases and visibility of the moon as it related to both the Hebrew and Julian calendars. Later scientists used a variety of means to pin down the date, including the lunar eclipse method, leaving us with a lack of certainty as to when Jesus actually died.